Tennessee State Department of Education
A Family Guide to Response to Instruction and Intervention
Dr. Kevin Huffman
Commissioner of Education
The Marshall County School System is committed to helping all children succeed. We have many ways to help children who are struggling to learn and who need additional supports to be successful. Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI≤) is one form of support.
What is RTI≤?
A multi-tiered delivery system that uses a data-driven problem-solving model to identify specific student need and match appropriate instructional strategies.
In Tennessee, the Response to Instruction and Intervention (RTI≤) Framework is a component of TNCORE. The TNCORE implementation plan has three legs with student achievement at the center:
∑ Assessment alignment and transparency
∑ Instructional materials and curriculum
Quality training and meaningful support
The RTI≤ Framework has three tiers. Each tier provides differing levels of support.
∑ In Tier l (regular instruction), all students receive research-based, high quality, general education instruction that incorporates ongoing universal screening and ongoing assessment to inform instruction.
∑ In Tier ll, intervention is implemented when assessment indicates that a student is not making adequate gains from Tier I instruction alone. In addition to Tier I instruction, students are provided small group interventions designed to meet their specific needs. These students are progress monitored† every two to three weeks using a tool that is sensitive to measuring changes in the studentís individual skills.
∑ In Tier III, more intensive interventions are provided to students who have not made significant progress in Tier II, who are more than 1.5 grade levels behind, or who are below the 10th percentile. These students are progress monitored every two to three weeks using a tool that is sensitive to measuring changes in the studentís individual skills.
What are the key components of the RTI≤ Framework?
A key component of RTI≤ is that all children receive high quality curriculum and instruction in the general education classroom (Tier l).
Another component of RTI≤ is that the school conducts universal screenings. Universal screenings review the performance and progress of all students through brief assessments. Universal screenings help schools identify students who may need more support or other types of instruction.
As a result of universal screenings, students may be identified as needing targeted intervention (Tier ll) in addition to the high quality instruction they are receiving in Tier l. Research-based interventions are used to support students in the area(s) in which they are struggling. Research-based interventions are teaching strategies or methods that have been proven effective in helping children learn.
Another key component of RTI≤ is progress monitoring. Progress monitoring is a way for teachers to take a snapshot of how children are doing on a specific skill. It shows how well the intervention is working. It includes formal and informal assessments. Progress monitoring helps determine whether an intervention is successful or needs to be changed. This information is shared with parents on a regular basis.
When progress monitoring indicates that the intervention is no longer needed, the child continues to receive support from the general education curriculum (Tier I). When progress monitoring shows that a child is not responding to the intervention, another approach or intervention may be tried. If a higher level of support is needed, students may be given more intense intervention that further focuses on the supporting skills they need to be successful learners (Tier lll). Students who do not respond to Tier III interventions may be referred for special education.
What if I think my child needs special education?
If at any time parents become concerned that their child needs special education, they should contact their childís teacher or administrator. Other forms of evaluation, in addition to information gathered through the RTI≤ framework, are needed to determine if a student is eligible for special education services. In order for these evaluations to be conducted, a parentís written consent is required.
Here are a few ways parents can support what their child is doing in school:
∑ Make reading an everyday habit a home
∑ Communicate with your childís teacher
∑ Monitor and assist with homework assignments
∑ Review progress monitoring data
∑ Share your childís successes
∑ Learn more about the curricula and interventions being used in your childís school
Attend parent/teacher conferences and other school meetings about your child
Talk to your childís teacher or principal for more information about how RTI≤ is being implemented in your childís school.
Adapted from: A Parent Advocacy Brief written by the National Center for Learning Disabilities (NCLD)